Move a baby’s arms up and down and back and forth or count his fingers and toes as you use songs, chants, and nursery rhymes to introduce patterns and counting games.
Hand a baby more objects than she can hold to help a baby develop a strong sense of numbers. Play the game as you use lots of math vocabulary—here’s one toy, here’s one more, let’s count how many, and so on.
Support babies as they figure out how to fit smaller boxes into larger ones or stack objects on top of one another.
Introduce math tools to toddlers and let them explore measuring, pouring, filling, and emptying one material into another.
Play games to help toddlers use and strengthen their reasoning skills and to help them put their reasoning into words.
Build a child’s strong sense of numbers and a foundation for math learning in later years by playing simple board games together.